Leafhopper
( Cicadellidae )


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PHOTO COMMENT
Leafhoppers coat their bodies and wings with a light dusting of water-repellent waxy material (brochosomes), sometimes distributed unevenly as bilaterally asymmetric whitish streaks. Leafhoppers have sound-producing organs (tymbals) at the base of abdomen (songs usually too faint for human ear). Several species are serious crop pests; some transmit plant pathogens (viruses, mycoplasma-like organisms, etc.).

IDENTIFICATION
Identification:Cicadellidae
(Latreille, 1802)
Common Name:Leafhopper
Life Stage:(A) adult

PHYLOGENY

Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Superorder:Paraneoptera
Order:Hemiptera
Suborder:Auchenorrhyncha
Family:Cicadellidae
Taxon Code:HOM02007
ITIS TSN#:109171

LOCATION DETAILS
Location
Morgan Fire Burn Area, Mount Diablo State Park, Clayton
County:Contra Costa County
ECI Site#:CASP175000
Park/Forest:Mount Diablo State Park

RECOGNITION
Body Length
2-30 mm, usually under 13 mm.

BIOLOGY
Food
Nymphs and adults feed on sap of above-ground stems or leaves of plants; some species are more host-specific than others
Habitat
nearly every habitat with vascular plants, incl. deserts, grasslands, wetlands, and forests
Development
Varies according to species; in general, female inserts several eggs into living tissue of host plant; eggs either remain dormant for a period ranging from a month to over a year, or develop and hatch within a few weeks; nymphs undergo five molts, reaching adult stage in several weeks or months
Distribution
Worldwide; in NA, some species migrate south in the fall, and back north in the spring

HABITAT
nearly every habitat with vascular plants, incl. deserts, grasslands, wetlands, and forests

CREDITS
Photographer
Eddie Dunbar

REFERENCES
  • Family Cicadellidae - Leafhoppers. (http://bugguide.net/node/view/146). Accessed March 12, 2016. [ IMAGES ]
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System TSN#109171


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