Black and Yellow Mud Dauber
( Sceliphron caementarium )


2013-0616-EB380000-HYM00124-Sceliphron_caementarium[1446h46s,F,A,plant]{LGong}-G.jpg

PHOTO COMMENT

IDENTIFICATION
Identification:Sceliphron caementarium
(Drury ,1773 )
Common Name:Black and Yellow Mud Dauber
Life Stage:(A) adult

PHYLOGENY

Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Superorder:Holometabola
Order:Hymenoptera
Suborder:Apocrita
Family:Sphecidae
Subfamily:Sceliphrinae
Tribe:Sceliphrini
Genus:Sceliphron
Taxon Code:HYM00124
ITIS/TSN:769860

LOCATION DETAILS
Location Name
Morgan Territory, Morgan Territory, Morgan Territory, Clayton
County:Contra Costa County
ECI Site#:CAEB380000
Open Space Location:Morgan Territory

RECOGNITION
Description
Black body with variable amount of yellow markings. Pedicel (waist) about twice as long as the rest of the abdomen.
Wingspan
24-28 mm.
Body Length
14-28 mm.

BIOLOGY
Food
Nests are provisioned with spiders; adults common at flowers, especially parsnip and water parsnip, and visit hummingbird feeders.
Habitat
Adults nectar at flowers; mud nests are built in all kinds of sheltered locations, incl. man-made structures, rock ledges, etc. Adults collect mud for nests at puddle/pool edges.
Nesting Preferences
Nests may comprise up to 25 cylindrical cells, with typically 6-15 (up to 40) prey spiders per cell. The female may provide the cells with a temporary closure (a thin mud curtain) to keep out parasites while she is collecting prey. Once the cell is stocked, she lays an egg on one of the last prey and seals the cell with a thick mud plug. She may then add more mud to cover the entire cluster of cells.
Distribution
Throughout NA (extreme so. Canada to Central America and West Indies); accidentally introduced into Europe several times, well established in several countries since the 1970s.

CREDITS
Photographer
Lorri Gong

References
Species Sceliphron caementarium - Black and Yellow Mud Dauber. (http://bugguide.net/node/view/6610). Accessed March 12, 2016. .
ITIS.


.