Assassin Bug
( Reduviidae )


2011-0730-EB190131-HET00671-Reduviidae[1420h14s,F,N,tree-oak]{EXD}-G.jpg

PHOTO COMMENT

IDENTIFICATION
Identification:Reduviidae
(Latreille ,1807 )
Common Name:Assassin Bug
Life Stage:(N) nymph/naiad

PHYLOGENY

Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Superorder:Paraneoptera
Order:Hemiptera
Suborder:Heteroptera
Family:Reduviidae
Taxon Code:HET00671
ITIS/TSN:107202

LOCATION DETAILS
Location Name
Del Valle Reservoir, Del Valle Reservoir, Del Valle Reservoir, Livermore
County:Alameda County
ECI Site#:CAEB190130
Open Space Location:Del Valle Reservoir

RECOGNITION
Description
Reduviids are mostly brown or black, but many are brightly colored. The rostrum (beak) is short and 3-segmented. It folds folds into groove a in the prosternum. The head is typically constricted behind the eyes, giving a neck-like appearance. Antennae are long, thin and not clubbed. Forelegs are sometimes swollen or expanded.
Body Length
5-40 mm.
Diversity
184 species in 49 genera north of Mexico. Reduviidae is the second largest heteropteran family, with close to 7,000 species in almost 1,000 genera worldwide, arranged in 25 subfamilies.

BIOLOGY
Food
Most prey on arthropods. Members of the subfamily Triatominae suck blood, also prey on humans. Most triatomines are not host specific and feed on a wide range of mammals as well as birds and reptiles.
Importance
Assassin Bugs can inflict a painful bite. Species in Central and South America are vectors of Chagas' disease (Trypanosoma cruzi). They are also known as Kissing Bugs because they tend to bite around the lips and nose. Members of the reduviid subfamily Triatominae feed on blood through out their life and all stages can become infected with Chagas' disease). Common names include assassin bug, kissing bug (in reference for its tendency to bite around the face) and conenose bug (in reference to their pointed heads).
Distribution
Throughout North America and worldwide. The family has greater diversity in warmer climates.
Diversity
184 species in 49 genera north of Mexico. Reduviidae is the second largest heteropteran family, with close to 7,000 species in almost 1,000 genera worldwide, arranged in 25 subfamilies.
Importance
Assassin Bugs can inflict a painful bite. Species in Central and South America are vectors of Chagas' disease (Trypanosoma cruzi). They are also known as Kissing Bugs because they tend to bite around the lips and nose. Members of the reduviid subfamily Triatominae feed on blood through out their life and all stages can become infected with Chagas' disease). Common names include assassin bug, kissing bug (in reference for its tendency to bite around the face) and conenose bug (in reference to their pointed heads).
Development
The life cycle consists of five nymphal instars followed by sexually mature adults.

CREDITS
Photographer
Eddie Dunbar
Insect Sciences Museum of California

References
Family Reduviidae - Assassin Bugs. (http://bugguide.net/node/view/166). Accessed March 12, 2016. .
ITIS.
Vectors (http://www.tulane.edu/~wiser/protozoology/notes/vector.html). Tulane University.


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