Tropical Centipede
( Scolopendra polymorpha )


2010-0325-EB070000-CHL00629-Scolopendra_polymorpha[1630h38s,F,A,plant]{MDame}-G.jpg

PHOTO COMMENT

IDENTIFICATION
Identification:Scolopendra polymorpha
(Wood ,1861 )
Common Name:Tropical Centipede
Life Stage:(A) adult

PHYLOGENY

Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Chilopoda
Order:Scolopendromorpha
Family:Scolopendridae
Genus:Scolopendra
Taxon Code:CHL00629

LOCATION DETAILS
Location Name
Briones Regional Park, Briones Regional Park, Briones Regional Park, EBRPD, 2537 Reliez Valley Rd., Martinez
County:Contra Costa County
ECI Site#:CAEB070000
Open Space Location:Briones Regional Park, EBRPD

RECOGNITION
Body Length
Up to 125 mm.

BIOLOGY
Food
CDC is nocturnal, preying on any arthropods it can capture. Specialized front legs (maxillipeds) bear fangs which inject venom into prey. Mature individuals sometimes prey on small reptiles or mammals.
Habitat
In the Bay Area, CDC lives in the woodlands and oak forests. It requires moisture to survive and, during the day, hides beneath bark, stones, cow patties or beneath other debris on the ground.
Importance
This centipede will bite in defense if handled. The bite is painful, but not life threatening.
Range
The southwestern United States, plus Missouri and Kansas.
Importance
This centipede will bite in defense if handled. The bite is painful, but not life threatening.
Development
Females hollow out cavities under a rock or in decayed wood. Eggs are held by the female until the young have hatched, and she continues to guard until they disperse, after multiple molts. Individuals live for 4 years or more.

CREDITS
Photographer
Mike Dame
Insect Sciences Museum of California

References
Species Scolopendra polymorpha - Common Desert Centipede. (bugguide.net/node/view/83048). Accessed February 19, 2017. .
Common Desert Centipede (Tiger Centipede). (http://www.wci.colostate.edu/Assets/pdf/CIIFactSheets/CommonDesertCentipede.pdf). Accessed February 20, 2017.


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