Harlequin Stink Bug
( Murgantia histrionica )


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PHOTO COMMENT

IDENTIFICATION
Identification:Murgantia histrionica
(Hahn, 1834)
Common Name:Harlequin Stink Bug
Life Stage:(A) adult

PHYLOGENY

Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Superorder:Paraneoptera
Order:Hemiptera
Suborder:Heteroptera
Family:Pentatomidae
Subfamily:Pentatominae
Tribe:Pentatomini
Genus:Murgantia
Taxon Code:HET00347
ITIS TSN#:721829

LOCATION DETAILS
Location
Black Diamond Mines Regional Pre, 5175 Somersville Rd., Antioch
County:Contra Costa County
ECI Site#:CAEB060700
Park/Forest:Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve

RECOGNITION
Brightly patterned, distinctive; the amount of black varies considerably.
Body Length
7.5-11.5 mm.
Colors
black, red, yellow, orange

BIOLOGY
Host
Hosts: Primarily Brassicaceae (horseradish, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, mustard, Brussels sprouts, turnip, kohlrabi, radish); may also attack tomato, potato, eggplant, okra, bean, asparagus, beet, weeds, fruit trees and field crops.
Active Period
Mostly: April through October.
Development
Eggs look like white barrels with two black hoops around; adults overwinter. The life cycle takes 50-80 days.
Range
Native to Mexico and Central America. Invasive in America north of Mexico. First detected in Texas in 1864, and now widely established across the US (Maine to South Dakota, Florida to California) but rarely found north of Pennsylvania to Colorado. The northern limits of the established range fluctuate markedly depending on winter severity; migrates northward during spring and summer.

HABITAT

CREDITS
Photographer
Eddie Dunbar

REFERENCES
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System TSN#721829


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