Jerusalem Cricket
( Stenopelmatidae )


2017-0527-ACMM0000-ORT02164-Stenopelmatidae[1033h30s,H,A,handheld]{RLeRoy}-G.jpg

PHOTO COMMENT

IDENTIFICATION
Identification:Stenopelmatidae
(Burmeister ,1838 )
Common Name:Jerusalem Cricket
Life Stage:(A) adult

PHYLOGENY

Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Superorder:Polyneoptera
Order:Orthoptera
Suborder:Ensifera
Family:Stenopelmatidae
Subfamily:Stenopelmatoidea
Taxon Code:ORT02164
ITIS/TSN:102382

LOCATION DETAILS
Location Name
Audubon Canyon Ranch, Audubon Canyon Ranch, 5565 Pine Flat Road, Healdsburg
County:Sonoma County
ECI Site#:CAAC000000

RECOGNITION
Description
Weight: Up to 13 gm
Body Length
Up to 7.5 cm
Diversity
Over 50 species in North America, mostly undescribed; about 200 described species worldwide in 1991

BIOLOGY
Food
Organic matter found in the soil.
Habitat
Most of their lives are spent underground. Damp, sandy soil is preferred.
Importance
Often dead in swimming pools and ponded waters. This is either the result of a simple drowning or a parasite infection. The horsehair worm (Gordius or Paragordius spp.) can inhabit the cricket's gut and feed. The worm can alter the behavior of the cricket and force it to seek water. Once in water, the worm bursts through the insect's abdomen and seeks a mate. The cricket dies from the wound. Although it is not aggressive and has no venom, will bite if molested. The powerful jaws usually used when burrowing through the earth and feeding on roots.
Range
Western North American from British Columbia to Central America.
Diversity
Over 50 species in North America, mostly undescribed; about 200 described species worldwide in 1991
Development
Eggs are laid several inches underground by females. They hatch in spring and fully grown adults develop by fall.

CREDITS
Photographer
Rita LeRoy

References
Family Stenopelmatidae - Jerusalem Crickets. (http://bugguide.net/node/view/154). Accessed March 12, 2016. .
ITIS.


.