Jerusalem Cricket
( Stenopelmatus pictus )


2013-0303-39040000-ORT00829-Stenopelmatus_pictus[1330h02s,F,A,earth]{EOrtega}-G.jpg

PHOTO COMMENT

IDENTIFICATION
Identification:Stenopelmatus pictus
(Scudder ,1899 )
Common Name:Jerusalem Cricket
Life Stage:(A) adult

PHYLOGENY

Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Superorder:Polyneoptera
Order:Orthoptera
Suborder:Ensifera
Family:Stenopelmatidae
Subfamily:Stenopelmatinae
Genus:Stenopelmatus
Taxon Code:ORT00829
ITIS/TSN:658762

LOCATION DETAILS
Location Name
Manteca, Manteca, Manteca
County:San Joaquin County
ECI Site#:CA39000000

RECOGNITION
Description
Black markings on the head in both sexes is diagnostic.
Body Length
About 25 mm.

BIOLOGY
Live in burrows and under rocks, logs, may wander on surface at night. Adults, and sometimes nymphs, strike ground with abdomen to produce species-specific drumming patterns. Female makes depression in soil for masses of oval, white eggs. Female often devours mate. One generation per year.
Food
Predatory on other insects, also feeds on roots, decaying vegetation. Sometimes found eating potatoes.
Habitat
Most of their lives are spent underground, beneath rocks, logs, and some appearing in sand dunes.
Importance
Not dangerous or venomous, these insects will first flee or play dead when threatened. As a last resort they may turn onto their backs and present their spined legs and sharp mandibles.
Range
California
Development
Eggs are laid several inches underground by females. They hatch in spring and fully grown adults develop by fall.

CREDITS
Photographer
Edgar Ortega

References
Species Stenopelmatus pictus. (bugguide.net/node/view/1039059). Accessed May 31, 2016. .
ITIS.


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