Centipede
( Chilopoda )


2016-0612-01100112-CHL02402-Chilopoda[2121h51s,T,A,container]{PSpevack}-G.jpg

PHOTO COMMENT

IDENTIFICATION
Identification:Chilopoda
(Latreille ,1817 )
Common Name:Centipede
Life Stage:(A) adult

PHYLOGENY

Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Chilopoda
Taxon Code:CHL02402
ITIS/TSN:154400

LOCATION DETAILS
Location Name
Gardens at Lake Merritt, Lakeside Park, 666 Bellevue, Oakland
County:Alameda County
ECI Site#:CA01100110

RECOGNITION
Description
Antennae: Large. Legs: Always odd-numbered; 1 pair per body segment; 15-191 pairs. The last pair of legs extend backwards. Head: Prehensors (“poison claws”) present beneath the head. Most centipedes run fast and can bite, but members of Geophilomorpha are rather sluggish.
Body Length
Worldwide: 10-270+ mm. America North of Mexico: Up to ~150 mm (Scolopendra heros).
Diversity
Worldwide: About 8,000 species with less than 3,000 described, arranged into 5 orders and 23 families. North America: 40 Species in 4 orders; 8 are introduced.

BIOLOGY
Food
Primarily smaller arthropods, but large-bodied representatives of the order Scolopendromorpha are known to attack and feed on bats, small mammals, snakes, frogs/toads, and birds; prey is killed by venom injection.
Habitat
All subarctic environments; abundant in deserts; moist areas such as leaf litter, under logs or rocks.
Importance
Larger species can inflict a painful bite on humans, but only if handled. The bite of a large centipede can be painful to an adult and dangerous to a small child.
Range
Worldwide. Some range beyond the Arctic Circle.
Diversity
Worldwide: About 8,000 species with less than 3,000 described, arranged into 5 orders and 23 families. North America: 40 Species in 4 orders; 8 are introduced.

CREDITS
Photographer
Pamela Spevack
Insect Sciences Museum of California

References
Class Chilopoda - Centipedes. (bugguide.net/node/view/20). Accessed November 6, 2016. .
ITIS.


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