Cuckoo-leaf-cutter Bee
( Coelioxys sp. )


2012-0714-01100112-HYM01407-Coelioxys_sp[1317h27s,T,A,vial]{EXD}-G.jpg

PHOTO COMMENT

IDENTIFICATION
Identification:Coelioxys sp.
(Latreille ,1809 )
Common Name:Cuckoo-leaf-cutter Bee
Life Stage:(A) adult

PHYLOGENY

Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Superorder:Holometabola
Order:Hymenoptera
Suborder:Apocrita
Family:Megachilidae
Subfamily:Megachilinae
Tribe:Megachilini
Genus:Coelioxys
Taxon Code:HYM01407
ITIS/TSN:154378

LOCATION DETAILS
Location Name
Gardens at Lake Merritt, Lakeside Park, 666 Bellevue, Oakland
County:Alameda County
ECI Site#:CA01100110

RECOGNITION
Description
Abdomen elongate and conical; pointed in female, armed with teeth or spines in male; lack pollen baskets under abdomen, otherwise resemble Megachile.
Body Length
7-10 mm.
Diversity
46 Species in 9 subgenera in America north of Mexico. About 500 species in 15 subgenera worldwide.

BIOLOGY
Cleptoparasites, usually of Megachile. Using their sharp abdomen, the female breaks into Megachile nests laying its own eggs on the stored pollen.
Food
Adults take nectar at flowers.
Habitat
Fields and gardens where flowers are abundant.
Nesting Preferences
Uses nests of existing Megachile sp. bees, where its larvae are parasitoids, feeding on stores provisioned by Megachile sp.
Distribution
Worldwide.
Diversity
46 Species in 9 subgenera in America north of Mexico. About 500 species in 15 subgenera worldwide.
Active Period
June through September according to North Carolina records on BugGuide. iNaturalist shows national records from June through September with one record in November.

CREDITS
Photographer
Eddie Dunbar
Insect Sciences Museum of California

References
ITIS.
Cuckoo Leaf-cutter Bees (Genus Coelioxys). (http://www.inaturalist.org/taxa/199145-Coelioxys). Accessed January 19, 2016.


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