Anise Swallowtail
( Papilio zelicaon )


2012-0407-01100112-LEP00331-Papilio_zelicaon[1018h26s,F,A,plant-flower]{JohnWaite}-G.jpg

PHOTO COMMENT
The butterfly is similar in appearance to the Western Tiger Swallowtail, but is smaller and has more dark wing veins and bordering. Caterpillars of this butterfly feed on members of the carrot family, including fennel and parsley. They go through three major color phases described on the next page. In Oakland there may be multiple broods per year, compared with just one or two in other areas of the state. Life Stage Photos from Melrose District. Egg: Melrose District, June 22, 2009. 1st and 2nd Instar Caterpillars: Very dark brown (almost black) with white ?saddles?. Tops of bodies also have spines in columns along the body length. Melrose District, April 3, 2004. 3rd Instar Caterpillar: This instar is mostly whitish with black striping. This is the last instar that still has spines. Mature Caterpillar: Mostly green with black striping interrupted by spots of yellow, Melrose District, April 11, 2004. Chrysalis: November 3, 2012. Gardens at Lake Merritt. These may be either green or dark brown. Mature caterpillars form an upright chrysalis.

IDENTIFICATION
Identification:Papilio zelicaon
(Hippolyte Lucas, 1852)
Common Name:Anise Swallowtail
Life Stage:(A) adult

PHYLOGENY

Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Superorder:Holometabola
Order:Lepidoptera
Family:Papilionidae
Subfamily:Papilioninae
Tribe:Papilionini
Taxon Code:LEP00331
ITIS/TSN:777698

LOCATION DETAILS
Location Name
Gardens at Lake Merritt, Lakeside Park, 666 Bellevue, Oakland
County:Alameda County
ECI Site#:CA01100110

RECOGNITION

BIOLOGY
Food
Caterpillar hosts: Many species in the parsley family (Apiaceae), and some in the citrus family (Rutaceae). Adults visit many flowers, and often visit moist ground.
Habitat
Bare hills, mountains, gardens, fields, vacant lots, and roadsides.
Range
From British Columbia southeast to North Dakota, south to s. California, Arizona, New Mexico; Baja California; Mexico. A rare stray to central Nebraska and eastern North Dakota.(1)
Flight Period
One flight from April-July

CREDITS
Photographer
Eddie Dunbar
Insect Sciences Museum of California

References
BugGuide .
ITIS .


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