Long-horned Bees
( Melissodes sp. )


2008-0622-01100112-HYM01447-Melissodes_sp[1508h25s,F,A,plant-flower]{EXD}-G.jpg

PHOTO COMMENT

IDENTIFICATION
Identification:Melissodes sp.
(Latreille ,1829 )
Common Name:Long-horned Bees
Life Stage:(A) adult

PHYLOGENY

Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Superorder:Holometabola
Order:Hymenoptera
Suborder:Apocrita
Family:Apidae
Subfamily:Apinae
Tribe:Eucerini
Genus:Mellisodes
Taxon Code:HYM01447
ITIS/TSN:634194

LOCATION DETAILS
Location Name
Gardens at Lake Merritt, Lakeside Park, 666 Bellevue, Oakland
County:Alameda County
ECI Site#:CA01100110

RECOGNITION
Recognition
Hairy bees, typically with pale hair bands on the metasoma. Males typically have very long antennae. According to the site linked below, two distinguishing characteristics are the following: the Eucerini have long paraglossae [lobes at the outer edges of the tip of the lower mouthparts] that reach the base of the labial palpus. They also have parocular carina [ridges on the outside portion of the eye area].
Description
Hairy bees, typically with pale hair bands on the metasoma. Males typically have very long antennae. According to the site linked below, two distinguishing characteristics are the following: the Eucerini have long paraglossae [lobes at the outer edges of the tip of the lower mouthparts] that reach the base of the labial palpus. They also have parocular carina [ridges on the outside portion of the eye area].
Diversity
97 species in 7 subgenera in North America. 129 species in 8 subgenera.

BIOLOGY
Nesting is in the ground for all species. Known nests are vertical burrows in flat ground.
Distribution
Holarctic and neotropical + ~40 Afrotropical spp. and just a couple in SE Asia.
Diversity
97 species in 7 subgenera in North America. 129 species in 8 subgenera.

CREDITS
Photographer
Eddie Dunbar
Insect Sciences Museum of California

References
Genus Melissodes. (http://bugguide.net/node/view/25459). Accessed March 12, 2016. .
ITIS.


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