Brown Elfin
( Callophrys augustinus )


2014-0403-01100108-LEP02085-Callophrys_augustinus[1534h51s,F,A,plant-brittleleafmanzanita]{LBaker}-G.jpg

PHOTO COMMENT

IDENTIFICATION
Identification:Callophrys augustinus
(Westwood ,1852 )
Common Name:Brown Elfin
Life Stage:(A) adult

PHYLOGENY

Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Superorder:Holometabola
Order:Lepidoptera
Family:Lycaenidae
Subfamily:Theclinae
Tribe:Eumaeini
Genus:Callophrys
Taxon Code:LEP02085
ITIS/TSN:188501

LOCATION DETAILS
Location Name
Knowland Park, Knowland Park, Oakland
County:Alameda County
ECI Site#:CA01100108

RECOGNITION
Recognition
Adult: Has no tails. Upperside of male grayish-brown; female more reddish-brown. Underside of forewing chestnut brown with dark irregular postmedian line. Underside of hindwing sharply divided between dark brown basal half and light chestnut brown distal half. Larva: olive green to yellow green, with a yellow line down the back, and oblique lines on the sides.
Description
Adult: Has no tails. Upperside of male grayish-brown; female more reddish-brown. Underside of forewing chestnut brown with dark irregular postmedian line. Underside of hindwing sharply divided between dark brown basal half and light chestnut brown distal half. Larva: olive green to yellow green, with a yellow line down the back, and oblique lines on the sides.
Wingspan
19-29 mm.

BIOLOGY
Often flies in company with other elfms, and likes to sip moisture from wet sand and earth.
Food
Adults take nectar. Larvae feed on flowers, fruits, and leaves of wide variety of plants, mainly Ericaceae, including blueberry (Vaccinium spp.), Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi), Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata), and Labrador Tea (Ledum groenlandicum).
Habitat
Varied: barrens, bogs, mixed coniferous/deciduous woodlands; almost any place where acidic soils predominate and the larval foodplants occur.
Range
Much of North America, north to Alaska and Newfoundland. Absent from Great Plains, midwest. Locally common; the most often encountered elfin in most of its range.
Flight Period
Adults from May-July (north); March-April (south)

CREDITS
Photographer
Laura Baker

References
Species Callophrys augustinus - Brown Elfin. (http://bugguide.net/node/view/3049). Accessed March 12, 2016. .
ITIS.


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